Applying of elastic adhesive tapes according to assessment and therapy of Orthopaedic manipulative therapy (OMT)
History of Taping
In the eighties, the Australian manipulative physiotherapist Jenny McConnell introduced the non-elastic taping in the manipulative Therapy. McConnell´s tape applications meet the current standards of assessment and treatment principles of physical therapy and are evidence-based.
Also in the eighties, the Japanese chiropractor and kinesiologist Kenzo Kase developed his taping with elastic adhesive bandages for the use on the skin. His tape mimics the properties of the skin without using an underwrap for skin protection. This type of taping was known as kinesiological or Kinesio Taping®.
The application of elastic tape according to kinesiologist Kase became known as Kinesio Taping. It got to be well-known at the Olympic Games 2000 and the FIFA World Cup 2002 in Korea and Japan. Meanwhile, coloured tape applications expose on television globally every day in Sports events, as the elastic tape can be used in a wide variety of indications
Dutch OMT physical therapist John Langendoen introduced in the elastic taping, while he was working for the Korean National football team at FIFA world cup of Corea/Japan 2002, who was applying rigid, non-elastic tape for years, according to Jenny McConnell.
However, in the FIFA World Cup in 2006 where John Langendoen and a group of colleagues and doctors developed a theory applying elastic tape – Kinematic Taping, or simply KT, according to the principles of neuromusculoskeletal/orthopaedic manual physical therapy.
KT applications are generally no substitutions for passive techniques or active training, however are used in addition to enhance the effect of the actual effective therapy. KT is an integral part of the overall management and therefore the positive effect of the application can be foreseen: “success is program”
Since 2006 the application of elastic adhesive bandages, in line with western principals of sports physiotherapy / medicine and orthopaedic manipulative physiotherapy / medicine, developed to a conceptual approach of functional taping with elastic tape, known as Kinematic TapingR Concept leading by John Langendoen.
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Characteristics of the theory of Kinematic Taping:
-based on assessment
-with neuro-musculo-skeletal content
-supported by scientific evidence
-High academic level
Kinematic Taping Definitions:
Kinematic Taping is a complementary therapy concept applying high quality elastic adhesive bandages within assessment-related, patient-centred, evidence-supported overall management of somatic symptoms and movement disorders and within the scope of the actual paradigms in sports medicine and orthopaedic manipulative physiotherapy.
The theory of Kinematic Taping Concept :
Kinematic Taping: The dimension to functional elastic Taping.
In comparison with the assessment and management of nervous tissue in the 80s and the development of models of stabilization and motor control based on scientific data of the 90s, this first decade of the third millennium, neuro-musculoskeletal physiotherapy increasingly dominated by the issue of the elastic taping
Clinical developments and emerging scientific evidence is emphasising the role of taping in the scope of the (para-) medical management spectrum. Lymphatic taping, meridian taping, cross-taping are examples of this development, particularly in the Netherlands and Germany.
Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapy (OMT) profits enormously from tape applications: faster, better, lasting treatment effects. How specific elastic taping can be integrated in OMT shows Kinematic Taping®, a giant leap in functional elastic taping.
Neuro-musculoskeletal dysfunctions commonly show negative interactions between joint, muscles, neural structures and correlating spinal segments. Structure specific, assessment related starting positions, and recognition of the dominant involved structures are the main characteristics of the Kinematic Taping® Concept (an analogy to the examination and treatment strategies in OMT).
The theory offers a reasonable ground and clear guidelines for additional management of neuromusculoskeletal dysfunctions, complying with all medical designs:
– International Classification of Function, Disability and Health-ICF for WHO 2001: www.who.org),
– Bio-psycho-social models of health and pathology
– Guidelines for education of International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists (IFOMPT), as described in rules document (IFOMPT 2008: www.ifompt.org)
The leading paradigm of Kinematic Taping® is an advanced level of Clinical Reasoning in analysing the movement disorder and deciding on and performing of management strategies.
Apart from local symptomatic tape applications, a main characteristic of Kinematic Taping® is enhancing the effect of passive techniques and or therapeutic training with taping applications that address the direct causes of the problem.
Further characteristics are consequent reassessment of the most relevant and specific functional tests, inclusion of evidence for tape applications, as well as for logical rationales for treatment and neurophysiological and or biomechanical explanations.
Kinematic Taping® does not make use of the Principles of Applied Kinesiology, however consequently applies the principles of examination and treatment of orthopaedic manipulative physiotherapy with an advanced level of clinical reasoning (5´T principle):
5T – Principle – Comprehensive learning contents
Think – Clinical Reasoning programmes success
Test – Most relevant problem related tests
Treat – Specific techniques and exercises
Tape – Applications in analogy to treatment
Train – Exercises in line with the applications